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Home >> Travel India>> India Heritage Area

Sunderban National Park

Total Coverage Area: 52,082 hectares.
Established in: 1936 as a National Park
Originally Names As: Hailey National Park
Renamed As: Corbett National Park In 1957
Declared As: A Tiger Reserve In 1973

Description:
The Corbett National Park, where Project Tiger was launched in 1973, is regarded as India's finest national park and its major attractions are the Tiger, Indian Elephant and Leopard.Corbett national park is drained by the Ramganga river, the dam at Kalagarh forming a huge lake to the west of the national park. The park is essentially a large low valley.
sunderban National Park
A range of hills runs through the middle of the national park, roughly east to west. The forests are moist deciduous, with Sal as the dominant tree.Chir Pine trees are to be found on the higher ridges of the hills. On the low-lying areas riverine forests, with Shisham and Khair trees, are intermixed with grasslands known locally as 'Chaurs'.

Project Tiger(Corbett National Park):
The overage area of the park was 520-sq-kms in 1986, and a proposed extension of 588-sq-kms is under consideration. Project Tiger, which was set up with the help of the World Wildlife Fund, was launched at Dhikala, in the Corbett National Park on April 1, 1973. This project was aimed at saving the Indian tiger from extinction. Over 50 mammals, 580 birds and 25 reptile species have been listed in the Corbett National Park.The insect life is also astounding, noticeably specially after the monsoons. But undoubtedly, the jewel of the Corbett is the Indian tiger. It was estimated that in 1984, the tiger population was 90 in this national park.

Corbett was the former hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Rewa and at present is a famous natural hub for White Tigers. White Tigers, in human and cattle population in the beginning of the 20th century led to the disturbance of this balance, and the first man-eaters started appearing. Soon the numbers of these man-eaters increased and Kumaon became famous.

The hunter Jim Corbett became famous with his leopard shooting exploits in this region. In his book "Temple Tiger", he describes how he killed the Champawat Tiger and the Panar Leopard, which had hunted 836 human beings in the first decade of this century. However from 1930s onwards, the number of tigers fell sharply with the increase in the number of hunters who belonged to the Indian royals as well British sportsmen.

The situation deteriorated rapidly and in 1971, the Indian government banned the killing of tigers. Project Tiger was started and the Jim Corbett National Park was formed - the name honoring the famous hunter of the past.

The Wild Attractions(Corbett National Park):

The Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Dhole, Jackal, Yellow Throated Martem, Himalayan Palm Civet, Indian Grey Mongoose, Common Otter, Porcupine, Clack-taped Hare are the other attractions of this area. It is possible to see elephants all over the park too. There are four species of deer residing over here. These are the Chital, the well-known Spotted Deer, Para, Kakka, and the Barking Deer. The Goat Antelopes are represented by the Ghoral.

There is a lot for the bird watchers in this park. It has over 580 species of birds. Most of the water birds are migrant, and arrive in winters. Some of these are the Greylag, Bar-headed Goose, Duck, Grepe, Snipe, Sandpiper, Gull and wagtail. The residents include Darters, Cormorants, Egrets, Herons, the black-necked Stork and the spur winged Lapwings.

Reptiles, which are residents of this area, are the Gharial, the rare Fish eating, long - nosed Crocodile, and a few species of Turtles and Tortoises. The Indian Python, Viper, Cobra, Krait and King Cobra also inhabit the Corbett National Park.

Climatic Conditions and what to wear:
Light clothing in summers and woolens in winters (Nov to mid Feb).The clothes should be light in color keeping in mind the natural surroundings. Khaki, olive green or any other light color Altitude: 385 to 1100 meters above sea level Temperature: in winter's can go down to 4 C at night and max in summers is 42 degrees. Rainfall: 1400mm-2800mm.

Communication Facilities:

All phone calls and other communications must be done before entering the park, as it is not possible to exit the park without getting all the necessary clearances from the forest rest house caretaker. If allowed out as a special case, the entrance fees needs to be paid again.

Tarvel info(Corbett National Park)

By Air: Phoolbagh, Pantnagar at a distance of 50 km is the nearest airport. Delhi at a distance of 300 km is the nearest international airport.

By Rail: Ramnagar is on the broad gauge track from where the road transport options have to be availed to reach the park.

By Road: Dhikala is 300 km from Delhi, 145 km from Lucknow and 51 km from Ramnagar. The route from Delhi spans Hapur-Murababad-Ramnagar. The turn off is some 7 km beyond Muradabad to the left, marked by a small board. The route from Lucknow spans Bareilly. Kichha. Rudrapur. Doraha. Kashipur. 

 

 
 

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