Pattadakal saw the Badami Chalukya art in its full bloom. It is 22
km away from Badami and 514 km from Bangalore. Here the best temples
of the style, the Virupaksha and the
Mallikarjuna are seen. These were built by the queens of
Vikramaditya II (734-44) in memory of his
victorious march against Kanchi, the Pallava capital, and the
temples were named by them after themselves as the Lokeshwara (by
Lokadevi) and Trailokeshwara (by Trailokadevi), which came to be
known as the Virupaksha and the Mallikarjuna respectively. The two
magnificent temples with their nicely engraved lively figures on
walls and the massive square pillars are in sand stone. Pattadakal
itself was known as Kisuvolal (`Red Town') as the
sand stone here is reddish in colour.
The Sangameshwara, Chandrashekhara, Jambuling and Kadasideeshwara
are the other major temples here, and Pattadakal has also a Jaina
basadi of Rashtrakuta times with two beautiful elephants in this
front. The Galaganath here which is dilapidated, has caurvilinear (rekhanagara)
Pattadakal is well connected by road and rail to Bangalore and
Mysore. Regular buses ply from Bijapur to Pattadakal.
HAMPI, the seat of the famed VIJAYANAGARA empire was the capital of
the largest empire in post-mogul India, covering several states. The
empire reigned supreme under Krishnadevaraya, the Emperor. The
Vijayanagara empire stretched over at least three states -
Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Andhra Pradesh. The destruction of
Vijayanagar by marauding Moghul invaders was sudden, shocking and
absolute. They reduced the city to ruins amid scenes of savage
massacre and horrors beggaring description.
Although in ruins today, this capital city once boasted riches known
far beyond the shores of India. The ruins of Hampi of the 14th
Century lies scattered in about 26 sq. km area, amidst giant
boulders and vegetation. Protected by the tempestuous river
Tungabhadra in the north and rocky granite ridges on the other three
sides, the ruins silently narrate the story of grandeur splendor and
fabulous wealth. The splendid remains of palaces and gateways of the
broken city tells a tale of men infinite talent and power of
creativity together with his capacity for senseless destruction.
Strewn over a large area (about nine square miles) the ruins at
Hampi offers to the tourist a remainder of the greatest land in the
whole world. Every rock, every path and every monument at Hampi
speak the same language; a language of glory and beauty.
In March 2002, the Government of India has announced that Hampi
would be developed as an international destination centre. The State
Govt will constitute a Hampi World Heritage Area Management
Authority for integrated development and conservation of Hampi.
Hampi is a World Heritage Centre
Hospet is the main town providing the getaway for Hampi. In April
2002, Karnataka officially set up the Hampi World Heritage Area
Management Authority with wide-ranging powers, as well as a State
Level Advisory Committee.