The people of Bhutan can be classified into three main distinct ethnic groups-Sharchops, People who live in east of the Bhutan, are believed to be the earliest inhabitants of Bhutan. They are Indo-Mongoloid origin and appear closely related to the inhabitants of northeast India and northern Burma. The Ngalongs are of Tibetan descendant of the migrated to Bhutan in the 9th century and settled west of the country. The third groups Lhotsampas are the Nepali origin that settled in the foothills of southern Bhutan in mid 19th century. There are other minority groups in Bhutan such as Layap, Brokpa, Doya, Lhopu, Dhakpa and Lepcha.
The Bhutanese are very religious and this is evidenced by the numerous Dzongs, Temples and monasteries that mark the landscape. In addition, every home has its prayer room or alters and generally celebrates an annual festival called “Chogu”. This is when prayers of thanksgiving are offered for the year past as well as for future well being of the family.
Bhutan is one of the least densely populated countries in the world with 79 percent of the people living in the rural areas. People in Bhutan, no matter how simple their rural lives are, have a welcome smile for every visitor.
Culture and Tradition.
The rich cultural heritage of Kingdom of Bhutan has remained remark unblemished. It is to a great degree not remnants of the past but a living culture, where age old traditions are vibrant and still continue to have clear significance in every day of the Bhutanese people. Cultural heritage is considered the foundation upon which the identity of the Bhutanese people and the kingdom of Bhutan as a sovereign independent nation is built. The signs of strong tradition are evident to a visitor from the impressive architecture and art form adoring the Bhutanese landscape.