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Animals of Bangladesh
Home >> Bangladesh >>Animals of Bangladesh

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The Royal Bengal Tiger
The majestic Royal Bengal Tiger is the national animal Bangladesh. Highly endangered, the Royal Bengal can now be mostly be found in the Sundarbans.
One of the largest of the 'big cats', it has extremely bold and striking colour pattern - making it perhaps the most magnificent and sought-after fiery beast of the world! The vivid pattern of stripes on the glossy skin serves as a very effective camouflage in the grasses and foliage almost in all the seasons.
The male averages 3 metres in length including 1 meter of tail and wiighs about 180 kg., though much larger speciemens have been lnown. The giant one is the Siberian tiger, almost 4 metres long and weighing about 300 kg.
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Deers

The Sambar Deer is the most widely spread deer species in the world, covering many countries in the Asian continent. It is also one of the larger members of the deer family. Some males are known to weigh up to 300 kgs and can grow to a height ranging from 135 - 150 cms at the shoulders.
These animals have a life expectancy ranging between 16 - 20 years. They are the favourite prey species of the tiger. A large sambar can feed a feed tiger for up to 4 days. Unlike the Spotted deer, which shouts an alarm and darts away at the sight of a predator, the sambar tends to alertly watch and keep giving alarm calls until the danger has passed. A reason due to which many of them fall prey for predators. The Sambar can be found in the wooded hills of the north-east and east.


The Barking Deer

 


The Chital Deer


 

The Chital (spotted deer) is also very common in the forests of the Sundarban. The Chital is perhaps the most beautiful of all deer. Its coat is bright rufous-fawn profusely spotted with white at all ages and all seasons. They are seen in herds of 10-30, which contains 2-3 stags. They are seen in grassy forest glades, forest edges, woodland and shaded streams in moist and dry deciduous forests upto 1000 m. Average height is 36 in. (90 cm.) and weighs about 190 lb. (85 kg.)
The barking deers are small deer of the forests. They are noted for barking like dogs when alarmed and during the breeding season, and for having tiny antlers and tusklike canine teeth.
 
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Apes and Monkeys
Primates also abound all over Bangladesh, but most abundantly in the Sundarbans and the Hill Tracts.
Amongst the various species you will find the Hoolock Gibbon (the only ape in the subcontinent) as wells as langurs, and various species' of monkeys. Hoolock gibbons mate for life and defend their territories with whistling songs that echo through the forests in the early mornings, giving rise to their nickname of the "singing ape."

 
 
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Elephants
The elephant is mostly found in the wild in the Hill Tracts and is also a protected animal.
Elephant habitat in Bangladesh is confined almost entirely to the forested hills of the east, and even there habitat is giving way to monoculture plantations of teak, rubber, and tea.
Only 200-350 wild elephants are thought to survive, with herds moving between Bangladesh and neighbouring India. There may be around 50 domestic elephants.
 
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Plant and animal life

Bangladesh in general possesses a luxuriant vegetation, with villages appearing to be virtually buried in groves of mango, jackfruit, bamboo, betel nut, coconut, and date palm. About 15 percent of the country's land surface is covered with forests. Bangladesh has four different areas of vegetation.

The eastern zone, consisting of parts of the Sylhet and Chittagong areas, has many low hills covered with jungles of bamboo and rattan (a species of climbing palm). The most common plant is a large kind of bamboo that is the basis of the country's paper industry. The central zone, covering parts of the country extending north of Dhaka, contains a large number of lakes and swampy vegetation; the soil of part of this zone is laterite, which produces the Madhupur jungles.

The area lying to the northwest of the Brahmaputra and to the southwest of the Padma forms a flat plain, the vegetation of which consists mostly of cultivated plants and orchards. Babul (Acacia arabica) is the most conspicuous plant. The southern zone along the Bay of Bengal contains the Sundarbans, with their distinctive mangrove vegetation. In this vast forest grow many commercially valuable trees, such as the sundri, for which the Sundarbans are named (Heritiera fomes or minor); gewa, or gengwa (Excoecaria agallocha), a softwood tree used for making newsprint; and goran (Ceriops roxburghiana), a type of mangrove.

Among the astounding variety of flowers are the shapla (water lily), the country's national flower; the marigold; the lotus jasmine; the rajani gandha (a tuber rose); the china rose (jaba); the flame of the forest; and the bokul (Mimusops elengi). Bangladesh is said to have about 200 species of mammals, 750 of birds, and 150 of reptiles and amphibians, as well as about 200 species of marine and freshwater fishes. Elephants, living in herds ranging from fewer than a dozen to about 100, are found in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and northeastern Sylhet.

The domesticated, or water, buffalo are used for plowing and pulling carts. Of the different kinds of deer, the barking deer, the barasingh (or 12-horned deer), and the sambar deer, with its maned neck, are well known. The barasingh, which reaches a height of about four feet at the shoulder, mostly inhabits the Sundarbans. The sambar, which lives in the eastern jungles of the country, attains a height of four and a half feet and a length of six to seven feet. The spotted deer, the barking deer, and the hog deer are smaller species. Of the carnivores, the royal Bengal tiger is the best known.

The clouded leopard, dark gray with spots that are oval or oblong in form, is smaller than the leopard. The ferocious leopard cat is about the size of the domestic cat but with longer legs. There are three types of bear: the sloth bear, the Himalayan black bear, and the Malayan sun bear. The sloth bear is the most numerous. The jackal, whose eerie howling at night is a familiar sound in Bangladesh, is a common animal, as is the mongoose.

The Bengal, or rhesus, monkey is the most common primate in the country. The common house crow is found everywhere, and its shrill cries are detested by the people of Bangladesh, who regard them as a bad omen. The bulbul, the magpie robin, and a wide variety of warblers are also found; some are migrants that appear only in winter.

Several kinds of flycatchers also occur, and there are mynah birds of several kinds. Other species of birds include the common game birds, parakeets, cuckoos, hawks, owls, kingfishers, hornbills, woodpeckers, and vultures. Among the eagles, the crested serpent eagle and the ring-tailed fishing eagle are the most common. There are also hoopoes, herons, storks, ducks, and wild geese.
 

Birds

 
Doel (Magpie Robin)
 
The Doel or the magpie robin is the national bird of Bangladesh. One of the more familiar birds about towns and villages. Shy, silent and unobtrusive during non-breeding season, then skulking in shrubbery and only uttering plaintive swee-ee and harsh chur-r. Conspicuous during breeding season when male sings lustily from favourite tree-top or post, chiefly early mornings and late afternoons. Song punctuated by upward jerks of white fringed tail. Also very good mimic of other birds' calls. Breeding territories jealously guarded, and intruding males defied with puffing- out, strutting and much show of pugnacity.
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Shalik
The Shalik (myna) is a very common bird in Bangladesh.
The common myna is about the size of an American robin. Its colors range from rich wine-brown on the lower breast to deep black on the head, neck, and upper breast. It has a splash of white on the lower edge of its wings, and its bill and legs are a bright yellow. This myna feeds on plants, insects, and worms. It often builds its nest in crevices of buildings. It is a noisy bird that is common about yards and buildings. It is often seen among chickens or perched on the backs of cattle. People have released the common myna into the wild in many tropical Pacific islands, including Hawaii, where the bird is now abundant. Talking mynas are sometimes kept as pets. Many imitate the human voice and can talk, sing, and whistle.
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Kingfisher
 
 

 

 
 
 
     The Machhhranga or the kingfisher is very common in riverine Bangladesh. Twelve varieties of kingfishers have been recorded here including the brown-winged, white-collard, black-capped and the rare ruddy kingfisher.
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Woodpecker
 
 
The Kaththokra or the woodpecker can be found in twenty two species in the country, especially in the Sundarbans.
The red-cockaded woodpecker as seen in the picture is becoming rarer and identified as a vulnerable group, which is a classification just under endangered.

Others Birds Name

  • 1. Pati Kak, House Crow Corvus splendens

  • 2. Daar Kak, Jungle Crow, Large-billed Crow, Corvus macrorhynchos

  • 3. Doyel, Magpie Robin, Copsychus saularis- National bird

  • 4. Bhat Shalik, Common Myna, Acirdotheres tristis

  • 5. Jhuti Shalik, Jungle Myna, Acirdotheres fuscus

  • 6. Goborey Shalik, Pied Starling, Sturnus contra

  • 7. Kath or Badami Shalik, Grey-headed or Chestnut-tailed Starling, Sturnus malabaricus

  • 8. Charui, House Sparrow, Passer domesticus

  • 9. Tuntuni, Tailor Bird, Orthotomus sutorius

  • 10. Bulbuli, Red-vented Bulbul, Pycnonotus cafer

  • 11. Sipahi Bulbuli, Red-whiskered Bulbul, Pycnonotus jocosus

  • 12. Jalali Kobutor, Rock Pigeon, Columba livia

  • 13. Chhoto Kaththokra, Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker, Dendrocopos macei

  • 14. Boro Kaththokra, Black-rumped Flameback Lesser Golden-backed Woodpecker, Dinopium     benghalense

  • 15. Kutum Pakhi or Harichacha, Treepie, Dendrocitta vagabunda

  • 16. Niltuni, Purple Sunbird, Cinnyris asiaticus* (Nectarinia asiatica)[*scientific names of animals and plants frequently get changed]

  • 17. Moutushi, Purple-rumped Sunbird, Leptocoma zeylonica (Nectarinia zeylonica)

  • 18. Fuljhuri, Pale-billed Flowerpecker, Dicaeum erythrorhynchos

  • 19. Fingey, Black Drongo, Dicrurus macrocercus

  • 20. Haldey Pakhi, Black-hooded Oriole, Oriolus xanthornus

  • 21. Latora, Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus

  • 22. Chhoto Sat Soheli, Small Minivet, Perocrocotus cinnamomeus

  • 23. Sat Bhaila, Jungle Babbler, Turdoides striatus

  • 24. Dhushurmatha Bontuni, Ashy Prinia, Prinia socialis

  • 25. Towfik or Fotikjol, Common Iora, Aegithina tiphia

  • 26. Shetakkhi or Babunai, White-eye, Zosterops palpebrosa

  • 27. Gangra, Great Tit, Parus major

  • 28. Kanakuka or Kankua, Greater Coucal, Centropus sinensis

  • 29. Tia, Rose-tinged Parakeet, Psittacula krameri

  • 30. Chhoto Basanta Bauri, Coppersmith Barbet, Megalaima haemacephala

  • 31. Boro Basanta Bauri, Lineated Barbet, Megalaima lineata

  • 32. Nilavo or Bora Basanta Bauri, Blue-throated Barbet, Megalaima asiatica

  • 33. Tila Ghughu, Spotted Dove, Streptopelia chinensis

  • 34. Dhabol Ghughu, Ringed Dove, Streptopelia decaocto

  • 35. Kokil, Koel, Eydynamys scolopacea

  • 36. Chokhgelo Pakhi, Common Hawk Cuckoo, Hierococcyx varius

  • 37. Boukotha Kow Pakhi, Indian Cuckoo, Cuculus micropterus

  • 38. Sorgom, Banded Bay Cuckoo, Cacomantis sonneratii

  • 39. Suichora, Green Bee-eater, Merops orientalis

  • 40. Chhoto Machhranga, Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis

  • 41. Sadabook Machhranga, White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis

  • 42. Nilkantha, Indian Roller, Coracias benghalensis

  • 43. Nak-kati or Nakuti, Palm Swift, Cypsiurus balasiensis

  • 44. Ababil, Barn Owl, Hirundo rustica

  • 45. Kutorey Pencha, Spotted Owlet, Athene brama

  • 46. Bhutum Pencha, Brown Fish Owl, Ketupa zeylonensis

  • 47. Bhuvan Chil, Pariah Kite, Milvus migrans

  • 48. Shankha Chil, Brahminy Kite, Haliastur indus

  • 49. Baaz, Shikra, Accipiter badius

  • 50. Ratchora Pakhi, Indian Nightjar, Caprimulgus asiaticus

  • 51. Lalbook Chotok, Red-breasted Flycatcher, Ficedula parva

  • 52. Dhushar Chotok, Greyheaded Canary Flycatcher, Culicicapa ceylonensis

  • 53. Laejnachani, White-throated Fantail, Rhipidura albicollis

  • 54. Chhoto Gudhuka, Common Woodshrike, Tephrodornis pondicerianus

  • 55. Kalokhupa Chotok, Black-naped Monarch, Hypothymis azurea

  • 56. Lejjhula or Lal o Sada Sipahi, Paradise Flycatcher, Terpsiphone paradisi

  • 57. Babui Pakhi, Baya, Ploceus philippinus

  • 58. Munia, White-rumped Munia, Lonchura striata

  • 59. Tila or Chitrito Munia, Scaly-breasted Munia, Lonchura punctulata

  • 60. Sada Khonjoni, Pied Wagtail, Motacilla alba

  • 61. Dhushar Khonjani, Grey Wagtail, Motacilla cinerea

  • 62. Tulika, Paddyfield Pipit, Anthus rufulus

  • 63. Bhorot Pakhi, Rufous-winged Bushlark, Mirafra assamica

  • 64. Baghatiki or Kalumatha Koshai Pakhi, Long-tailed Shrike, Lanius schach

  • 65. Badami Koshai, brown Shrike, Lanius cristatus

  • 66.Lal-lotika Ti-Ti, Red-wattled lapwing, Vanellus indicus

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