Situated near the famous Khyber Pass, the popular city of Jalalabad is a major trading center and is said to be the entrance towards the Laghman and Kunar valleys. The present-day Jalalabad was earlier an important city for the ancient Greco-Buddhist's particularly of the famed Gandhara. Babur, founder of the Mughal Empire of India, built 1570. During the First Afghan War, British siege the city and became an important military bastion. With the passage of time, many industries have been set up scattered at different nook and corner of the city.
2. Mazari Sharif---
With a population of more than 1, 83,000 people, it is the capital of Balkh province. Mazari Sharif refers to "Noble Shrine," meaning the large, blue-covered mosque that attracts thousands of Muslims from different parts of the world. It is one of the fourth largest cities of Afghanistan and is significantly dominated by Tajiks, Uzbek, Turkmen, Hazara and Pashtun. One of the prominent features of this city is the presence of great architectural landmarks dating back to the Hellenistic age. The economic activity in this part of Afghanistan is primarily dominated by agriculture, karakol production; while exploration and marketing of oil and gas exploitation has tremendously boosted the industrial prospects of the country.
The place is famed for the production of unique Afghan sheepskin coats. Located in midst of the Kabul-Kandahar, Ghazni is a popular nerve center for handicraft and food processing industries. The city, was named Ghazna in the ancient times, and flourished under the rule of Turkish Ghaznavid dynasty. The then Mahmud of Ghazna built a splendid mosque, well known as the Celestial Bride, later the kings of Ghor sacked Ghazni in 1149 made it their capital and continued to be so until their downfall.
Located at an altitude of 1800 meters, it lies near the Kabul River and has a population of 1 million. The city of Kabul rose to prominence during1504, when it was the capital of the Moghul Empire until it was captured, in 1738, by the Persian ruler Nadir Shah. One of the largest cities of Afghanistan the city has suffered a lot as a result of ongoing war during the past few decades. Many of its important historic landmarks have been destroyed and the basic infrastructural facilities have suffered a great setback. With the formation of new government efforts are being made to bring normalcy in daily life.
A flourishing center for sugar production in Afghanistan, Baghlan has a population of 41,200. Recently, many industries have come up catering to a huge customer base.